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Palmieri Square

Palmieri Square is a treasure trove containing several ancient levels of frequentation, starting from 1500 B.C., the Bronze Age. In fact, the square is located on the promontory where the first town centre was built, near the ancient church of St Peter. One of the first seats of government was built on the site with the city coat of arms on the entrance, as well as a civic tower converted into a bell tower.

It owes its name to the presence of several palatial houses of the noble Palmieri family, in particular the one built by Francesco Paolo in 1767, seat since 1927 of a Kindergarten and a School, the latter since 1965 transformed into a State Institute of Art until 1980. The backdrop to the square are the side elevations, with their secondary entrances, of the former parish church of St. Peter and that of the Teresian Fathers (properly the convent of the Discalced Carmelites under the title of Sts. John the Baptist and St. Anne) known as St. Theresa's Church, to which the parish moved in 1955.

In 1818, the former convent housed the Holy House, which was named the Women's Orphanage in 1860 and later became the Kindergarten in 1903. It was precisely for the education of the orphan girls that a 'School of Cutting, Embroidery and Other Women's Work' was opened in 1916, run by the Sisters of Ivrea, closed in 1984. The building was then used by the municipality as a primary school until 1995.

The square formerly housed the old palatial house of the Affatati family, which passed to the Sforza family and then in 1687 to the Sersale family. Knocked down in the 19th century and partially rebuilt, it was used for a time as a workshop room for the 'School of Arts and Crafts', only to be razed after World War II to make way for the current redevelopment of the square.

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CREDITS: Comune di Monopoli.

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